Logo Search packages:      
Sourcecode: vile version File versions

w32pipe.c

/*
 * w32pipe:  win32 clone of npopen.c--utilizes native pipes for hosts
 *           and shells that can handle same, else falls back on temp files
 *           (but uses a much different algorithm than that of npopen.c).
 *
 * Background
 * ==========
 * The techniques used in native_npclose() and native_inout_popen() are
 * derived from much trial and error and support "pipe" I/O in both a
 * console and GUI environment.  You may _think_ you have a better way of
 * effecting the functionality provided in this module and that may well be
 * the case.  But be sure you test your new code with at least these
 * versions of Win32:
 *
 *      win95, win98, OSR2, NT 4.0, win2K
 *
 * For each HOST, be sure to test read pipes, write pipes, and filters (and
 * test repeatedly within the same vile session).
 *
 *
 * Acknowledgments
 * ===============
 * Until I read Steve Kirkendall's code for the Win32 version of elvis, I
 * did not realize that attempting to redirect stdin to a device is a
 * _not_ a good strategy.
 *
 *
 * Caveats
 * =======
 * -- The MSDN Knowledge Base has example code that uses anonymous pipes
 *    to redirect a spawned process's stdin, stdout, and stderr.  Don't go
 *    there.
 *
 * -- On a Win2K host, DuplicateHandle() failed.
 *
 * -- The original Win95 console shell (command.com) accesses the floppy
 *    drive each and every time a process communicates with it via a pipe
 *    and the OSR2 shell abruptly hangs under similar conditions.  By
 *    default, then, on a WinNT host, vile's pipes are implemented using
 *    native pipes (i.e., with the code in this module), while Win95 hosts
 *    fall back to temp file communication.  If the user's replacement
 *    Win95 shell does not exhibit communication problems similar to
 *    those described above (e.g., any 32-bit shell), vile may be
 *    forced to use native Win32 pipes by setting the global mode
 *    "w32pipes" (e.g., "se w32pipes").  For further details, including
 *    a description of "force-console" mode, refer to the file
 *    doc/w32modes.doc .
 *
 * -- This module's native pipes implementation exhibits various problems
 *    when a 16-bit console app is exec'd.  On a win95 host, the editor
 *    and shell generally hang.  WinNT does better, but winvile creates
 *    "background" shell windows that require manual closure.
 *
 * -- This module configures read pipes so that the exec'd app reads
 *    it's input from an empty file.  That's a necessity, not a bug.
 *    Consequently, if an attempt is made to read data from an app
 *    that itself reads input (why would you do that?), the app will
 *    appear to hang if it reopens stdin on the console (because vile's
 *    stdin is not available to the app--another necessity).  In this
 *    situation, kill the app by typing ^C (and then please apply for a
 *    QA position with a certain Redmond company).
 *
 * $Header: /usr/build/vile/vile/RCS/w32pipe.c,v 1.31 2002/12/23 01:24:25 tom Exp $
 */

#define HAVE_FCNTL_H 1

#include "estruct.h"
#include "edef.h"

#include <io.h>
#ifdef __BORLANDC__
#define __MSC
#include <sys/stat.h>
#endif
#include <share.h>
#include <process.h>
#include <assert.h>
#include <ctype.h>

#define BAD_FD          (-1)
#define BAD_PROC_HANDLE (INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE)
#define PIPESIZ         (4096)
#define SHELL_ERR_MSG   \
          "[shell process \"%s\" failed, check $shell state var]"

static int  native_inout_popen(FILE **fr, FILE **fw, char *cmd);
static void native_npclose(FILE *fp);
static int  tmp_inout_popen(FILE **fr, FILE **fw, char *cmd);
static void tmp_npclose(FILE *fp);

static HANDLE proc_handle;
static char   *tmpin_name;

/* ---------------- Cloned from npopen.c ---------------------------- */

FILE *
npopen(char *cmd, const char *type)
{
    FILE *ff = 0;

    if (*type == 'r')
        (void)inout_popen(&ff, (FILE **)0, cmd);
    else if (*type == 'w')
        (void)inout_popen((FILE **)0, &ff, cmd);
    return ff;
}

int
softfork(void)  /* dummy function to make filter-region work */
{
    return 0;
}

int
inout_popen(FILE **fr, FILE **fw, char *cmd)
{
    TRACE(("inout_popen(fr=%p, fw=%p, cmd='%s')\n", fr, fw, cmd));

    ffstatus = file_is_pipe;
    fileeof = FALSE;
    append_libdir_to_path();
#ifdef GMDW32PIPES
    if (global_g_val(GMDW32PIPES))
        return (native_inout_popen(fr, fw, cmd));
#endif
    return (tmp_inout_popen(fr, fw, cmd));
}

void
npclose(FILE *fp)
{
#ifdef GMDW32PIPES
    if (global_g_val(GMDW32PIPES))
    {
        native_npclose(fp);
        return;
    }
#endif
    tmp_npclose(fp);
}

/* ------------------- native pipe routines first ------------------- */

/*
 * when desparate to communicate an error, enable popup messages and
 * use mlforce().
 */
static void
lastditch_msg(char *msg)
{
#if OPT_POPUP_MSGS
    int save = global_g_val(GMDPOPUP_MSGS);

    set_global_g_val(GMDPOPUP_MSGS, TRUE);
#endif
    mlforce(msg);
#if OPT_POPUP_MSGS
    update(FALSE);
    popup_msgs();
    update(FALSE);
    set_global_g_val(GMDPOPUP_MSGS, save);
#endif
}



static void
common_cleanup(void)
{
    if (tmpin_name)
    {
        (void) remove(tmpin_name);
        (void) free(tmpin_name);
        tmpin_name = NULL;
    }
    restore_console_title();
}



static HANDLE
exec_shell(char *cmd, HANDLE *handles, int hide_child)
{
    char                 *cmdstr;
    int                  freestr;
    PROCESS_INFORMATION  pi;
    STARTUPINFO          si;

    proc_handle = BAD_PROC_HANDLE;  /* in case of failure */
    TRACE(("exec_shell %s\n", cmd));
    if ((cmdstr = mk_shell_cmd_str(cmd, &freestr, TRUE)) == NULL)
    {
        /* heap exhausted! */

        no_memory("exec_shell");

        /* Give user a chance to read message--more will surely follow. */
        Sleep(3000);
        return (proc_handle);
    }

    memset(&si, 0, sizeof(si));
    si.cb          = sizeof(si);
    si.dwFlags     = STARTF_USESTDHANDLES;
    si.hStdInput   = handles[0];
    si.hStdOutput  = handles[1];
    si.hStdError   = handles[2];
#if DISP_NTWIN
    if (hide_child)
    {
        si.dwFlags     |= STARTF_USESHOWWINDOW;
        si.wShowWindow  = SW_HIDE;
    }
#endif
    TRACE(("CreateProcess %s (pipe)\n", cmdstr));
    if (CreateProcess(NULL,
                      cmdstr,
                      NULL,
                      NULL,
                      TRUE,       /* Inherit handles */
                      0,
                      NULL,
                      NULL,
                      &si,
                      &pi))
    {
        /* Success */

        CloseHandle(pi.hThread);
        proc_handle = pi.hProcess;
    }
    if (freestr)
        free(cmdstr);
    return (proc_handle);
}



static int
native_inout_popen(FILE **fr, FILE **fw, char *cmd)
{
    char   buf[NFILEN + 128];
    HANDLE handles[3];
    int    i, rc, rp[3], tmpin_fd, wp[3];

    TRACE(("native_inout_popen cmd=%s\n", cmd));
    proc_handle   = BAD_PROC_HANDLE;
    rp[0] = rp[1] = rp[2] = wp[0] = wp[1] = wp[2] = BAD_FD;
    handles[0]    = handles[1] = handles[2] = INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE;
    tmpin_fd      = BAD_FD;
    tmpin_name    = NULL;
    set_console_title(cmd);
    if (is_win95())
    {
        char *cmdp;

        /*
         * If w32pipes is set on a win95 host, you don't ever want slowreadf()
         * to periodically update the display while an intrinisic, high
         * bandwidth DOS command is in progress.  Reason:  the win95 shell,
         * command.com, will simply hang in the following scenario:
         *
         *    ^X!<high_bandwidth_cmd>
         *
         *         and
         *
         *    PIPESIZ < output of <high_bandwidth_cmd>
         *
         * I'm assuming that what's going on here is that command.com is
         * written in ASM and is using very low level BIOS/DOS calls to
         * effect output and, furthermore, that these low level calls don't
         * block when the input consumer is busy.
         */

        cmdp = skip_blanks(cmd);
        nowait_pipe_cmd = (strnicmp(cmdp, "dir", 3) == 0)  ||
                          (strnicmp(cmdp, "type", 4) == 0);
    }
    do
    {
        if (fr)
        {
            *fr = NULL;

            /*
             * Open (parent's) input pipe in TEXT mode, which will force
             * translation of the child's CR/LF record delimiters to NL
             * and keep the dreaded ^M chars from temporarily appearing
             * in a vile buffer (ugly).
             */
            if (_pipe(rp, PIPESIZ, O_TEXT|O_NOINHERIT) == -1)
                break;
            if ((rp[2] = _dup(rp[1])) == -1)
                break;
            handles[2] = handles[1] = (HANDLE) _get_osfhandle(rp[2]);
            (void) close(rp[1]);
            rp[1] = BAD_FD;
            if (! fw)
            {
                /*
                 * This is a read pipe (only).  Connect child's stdin to
                 * an empty file.  Under no circumstances should the
                 * child's stdin be connected to a device (else lots of
                 * screwy things will occur).  In particular, connecting
                 * the child's stdin to the parent's stdin will cause
                 * aborts and hangs on the various Win32 hosts.  You've
                 * been warned.
                 */

                if ((tmpin_name = _tempnam(getenv("TEMP"), "vile")) == NULL)
                    break;
                if ((tmpin_fd = open(tmpin_name,
                                     O_RDONLY|O_CREAT|O_TRUNC,
                                     _S_IWRITE|_S_IREAD)) == BAD_FD)
                {
                    break;
                }
                handles[0] = (HANDLE) _get_osfhandle(tmpin_fd);
            }
            if ((*fr = fdopen(rp[0], "r")) == 0)
                break;
        }
        if (fw)
        {
            *fw = NULL;

            /*
             * Open (child's) output pipe in binary mode, which will
             * prevent translation of the parent's CR/LF record delimiters
             * to NL.  Apparently, many apps want those delimiters :-) .
             */
            if (_pipe(wp, PIPESIZ, O_BINARY|O_NOINHERIT) == -1)
                break;
            if ((wp[2] = _dup(wp[0])) == -1)
                break;
            handles[0] = (HANDLE)_get_osfhandle(wp[2]);
            (void) close(wp[0]);
            wp[0] = BAD_FD;
            if (! fr)
                handles[1] = handles[2] = GetStdHandle(STD_OUTPUT_HANDLE);
            if ((*fw = fdopen(wp[1], "w")) == 0)
                break;
        }
        rc = (exec_shell(cmd,
                         handles,
                         fr != NULL  /* Child wdw hidden unless write pipe. */
                        ) == BAD_PROC_HANDLE) ? FALSE : TRUE;
        if (fw)
        {
            if (! rc)
            {
                /* Shell process failed, put complaint in user's face. */

                sprintf(buf, SHELL_ERR_MSG, get_shell());
                lastditch_msg(buf);
            }
            CloseHandle(handles[0]);
        }
        if (fr)
        {
            if (! rc)
            {
                size_t len;

                /*
                 * Shell process failed, put complaint in user's buffer.
                 * Can't write to handles[1] on a win2k host because the
                 * previously failed CreateProcess() call damaged the
                 * handle.
                 */
                len = lsprintf(buf, SHELL_ERR_MSG, get_shell()) - buf;
                (void) write(rp[2], buf, len);
                (void) close(rp[2]);   /* in weird state; why not? */
            }
            CloseHandle(handles[1]);
            if (tmpin_fd != BAD_FD)
                close(tmpin_fd);
        }
        return (rc);
    }
    while (FALSE);

    /* If we get here -- some operation has failed.  Clean up. */

    if (wp[0] != BAD_FD)
        close(wp[0]);
    if (wp[1] != BAD_FD)
        close(wp[1]);
    if (wp[2] != BAD_FD)
        close(wp[2]);
    if (rp[0] != BAD_FD)
        close(rp[0]);
    if (rp[1] != BAD_FD)
        close(rp[1]);
    if (rp[2] != BAD_FD)
        close(rp[2]);
    if (tmpin_fd != BAD_FD)
        close(tmpin_fd);
    for (i = 0; i < 3; i++)
    {
        if (handles[i] != INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE)
            CloseHandle(handles[i]);
    }
    common_cleanup();
    return (FALSE);
}



static void
native_npclose(FILE *fp)
{
    int term_status;

    (void) fflush(fp);
    (void) fclose(fp);
    if (proc_handle != BAD_PROC_HANDLE)
    {
        (void) cwait(&term_status, (int) proc_handle, 0);
      TRACE(("...CreateProcess finished waiting in native_npclose\n"));
        (void) CloseHandle(proc_handle);
        proc_handle = BAD_PROC_HANDLE;
    }
    common_cleanup();
}

/* ------------------- tmp file pipe routines last ------------------
 * --                                                              --
 * -- The key to making these routines work is recognizing that    --
 * -- under windows it's necessary to wait for the writer process  --
 * -- to finish and close tmp file A before the reader process     --
 * -- reads from A.                                                --
 * ------------------------------------------------------------------
 */

static HANDLE handles[3];
static int    stdin_fd, stdout_fd;
static char   *stdin_name, *stdout_name, *shcmd;

static void
tmp_cleanup(void)
{
    if (stdin_fd != BAD_FD)
    {
        close(stdin_fd);
        stdin_fd = BAD_FD;
    }
    if (stdout_fd != BAD_FD)
    {
        close(stdout_fd);
        stdout_fd = BAD_FD;
    }
    if (stdin_name)
    {
        (void) remove(stdin_name);
        (void) free(stdin_name);
        stdin_name = NULL;
    }
    if (stdout_name)
    {
        (void) remove(stdout_name);
        (void) free(stdout_name);
        stdout_name = NULL;
    }
    common_cleanup();
}



static int
tmp_inout_popen(FILE **fr, FILE **fw, char *cmd)
{
    char  buf[NFILEN + 128];
    DWORD dummy, len;
    int   rc, term_status, tmpin_fd;

    TRACE(("tmp_inout_popen cmd=%s\n", cmd));
    proc_handle = BAD_PROC_HANDLE;
    handles[0]  = handles[1] = handles[2]  = INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE;
    tmpin_fd    = stdin_fd   = stdout_fd   = BAD_FD;
    tmpin_name  = stdin_name = stdout_name = NULL;
    set_console_title(cmd);
    do
    {
        if (fr)
        {
            *fr = NULL;
            if ((stdin_name = _tempnam(getenv("TEMP"), "vile")) == NULL)
                break;
            if ((stdin_fd = open(stdin_name,
                                 O_RDWR|O_CREAT|O_TRUNC|O_TEXT,
                                 _S_IWRITE|_S_IREAD)) == BAD_FD)
            {
                break;
            }
            handles[2] = handles[1] = (HANDLE) _get_osfhandle(stdin_fd);
            if (! fw)
            {
                /*
                 * This is a read pipe (only).  Connect child's stdin to
                 * an empty file.  Under no circumstances should the
                 * child's stdin be connected to a device (else lots of
                 * screwy things will occur).  In particular, connecting
                 * the child's stdin to the parent's stdin will cause
                 * aborts and hangs on the various Win32 hosts.  You've
                 * been warned.
                 */

                if ((tmpin_name = _tempnam(getenv("TEMP"), "vile")) == NULL)
                    break;
                if ((tmpin_fd = open(tmpin_name,
                                     O_RDONLY|O_CREAT|O_TRUNC,
                                     _S_IWRITE|_S_IREAD)) == BAD_FD)
                {
                    break;
                }
                handles[0] = (HANDLE) _get_osfhandle(tmpin_fd);
            }
            else
            {
                /*
                 * Set up descriptor for filter operation.   Note the
                 * sublteties here:  exec'd shell is passed a descriptor
                 * to the temp file that's opened "w".  The editor
                 * receives a descriptor to the file that's opened "r".
                 */

                if ((*fr = fopen(stdin_name, "r")) == NULL)
                    break;
            }
        }
        if (fw)
        {
            *fw = NULL;

            /* create a temp file to receive data from the editor */
            if ((stdout_name = _tempnam(getenv("TEMP"), "vile")) == NULL)
                break;
            if ((stdout_fd = open(stdout_name,
                                 O_RDWR|O_CREAT|O_TRUNC|O_BINARY,
                                 _S_IWRITE|_S_IREAD)) == BAD_FD)
            {
                break;
            }
            if ((*fw = fdopen(stdout_fd, "w")) == 0)
                break;

            /*
             * we're all set up, but can't exec "cmd" until the editor
             * writes data to the temp file connected to stdout.
             */
            shcmd = cmd;   /* remember this */
            return (TRUE);
        }

        /* This must be a read (only) pipe.  Appropriate to exec "cmd". */
        rc = (exec_shell(cmd,
                         handles,
                         TRUE       /* hide child wdw */
                        ) == BAD_PROC_HANDLE) ? FALSE : TRUE;

        if (! rc)
        {
            /*
             * Shell process failed, put complaint in user's buffer, which
             * is currently proxied by a temp file that the editor will
             * suck in shortly.
             */

            len = lsprintf(buf, SHELL_ERR_MSG, get_shell()) - buf;
            (void) WriteFile(handles[1], buf, len, &dummy, NULL);
            FlushFileBuffers(handles[1]);
        }
        else
        {
            /* wait for exec'd process to exit */

            (void) cwait(&term_status, (int) proc_handle, 0);
          TRACE(("...CreateProcess finished waiting in tmp_inout_popen\n"));
            (void) CloseHandle(proc_handle);
            proc_handle = BAD_PROC_HANDLE;
        }

        /*
         * When closing descriptors shared between parent and child, order
         * is quite important when $shell == command.com .  In this
         * situation, the descriptors can't be closed until the exec'd
         * process exits (I kid you not).
         */
        (void) close(stdin_fd);
        stdin_fd = BAD_FD;
        (void) close(tmpin_fd);

        /* let the editor consume the output of the read pipe */
        if ((*fr = fopen(stdin_name, "r")) == NULL)
        {
            /*
             * impossible to put error in user's buffer since that file
             * descriptor is closed.
             */

            sprintf(buf,
                    "[error opening temp file \"%s\": %s]",
                    stdin_name,
                    strerror(errno));
            lastditch_msg(buf);
            break;
        }
        return (rc);
    }
    while (FALSE);

    /* If we get here -- some operation has failed.  Clean up. */
    tmp_cleanup();
    return (FALSE);
}



/* npflush is called for filter ops effected with temp files */
void
npflush(void)
{
    char buf[NFILEN + 128];
    int  rc, term_status;

    /*
     * caller has filled and closed the write pipe data stream.  time to
     * exec a process.
     */

    if ((stdout_fd = open(stdout_name, O_RDONLY|O_BINARY)) == BAD_FD)
    {
        /* oh my, put complaint in user's face. */

        sprintf(buf, "[unable to open temp file \"%s\": %s]",
               stdout_name,
               strerror(errno));
        lastditch_msg(buf);
    }
    else
    {
        /* handles[1-2] were initialized by tmp_npopen_open() */

        handles[0] = (HANDLE) _get_osfhandle(stdout_fd);
        rc = (exec_shell(shcmd,
                         handles,
                         TRUE    /* do hide child window */
                        ) == BAD_PROC_HANDLE) ? FALSE : TRUE;
        if (! rc)
        {
             /* Shell process failed, put complaint in user's face. */

            sprintf(buf, SHELL_ERR_MSG, get_shell());
            lastditch_msg(buf);
        }
        else
        {
            /* now wait for app to exit */

            (void) cwait(&term_status, (int) proc_handle, 0);
          TRACE(("...CreateProcess finished waiting in npflush\n"));
            (void) CloseHandle(proc_handle);
            proc_handle = BAD_PROC_HANDLE;
        }

        /*
         * When closing descriptors shared between parent and child, order
         * is quite important when $shell == command.com .  In this
         * situation, the descriptors can't be closed until the exec'd
         * process exits.
         */
        (void) close(stdout_fd);
        stdout_fd = BAD_FD;
    }
}



static void
tmp_npclose(FILE *fp)
{
    char buf[NFILEN + 128];
    int  rc, term_status;

    (void) fflush(fp);
    (void) fclose(fp);

    if (stdout_fd != BAD_FD)
    {
        /*
         * write pipe, but not a filter.  Editor has written data to temp
         * file, time now to exec "cmd" and hook its stdin to the file.
         *
         * It should be noted that exec'ing a process in the npclose()
         * phase of a write pipe is not exactly keeping in spirit with
         * the control flow in file.c :-) .  However, the strategy used
         * here ensures that the launched process reads a temp file that
         * is completey flushed to disk.  The only direct drawback with
         * this approach is that when the exec'd process exits, the user
         * does not receive a "[press return to continue]" prompt from
         * file.c .  But, cough, we can work around that problem :-) .
         */

        if ((stdout_fd = open(stdout_name, O_RDONLY|O_BINARY)) == BAD_FD)
        {
            /* oh my, put complaint in user's face. */

            sprintf(buf, "[unable to open temp file \"%s\": %s]",
                   stdout_name,
                   strerror(errno));
            lastditch_msg(buf);
        }
        else
        {
            handles[0] = (HANDLE) _get_osfhandle(stdout_fd);
            handles[1] = handles[2] = GetStdHandle(STD_OUTPUT_HANDLE);
            rc = (exec_shell(shcmd,
                             handles,
                             FALSE    /* don't hide child window */
                            ) == BAD_PROC_HANDLE) ? FALSE : TRUE;
            if (! rc)
            {
                 /* Shell process failed, put complaint in user's face. */

                sprintf(buf, SHELL_ERR_MSG, get_shell());
                lastditch_msg(buf);
            }
            else
            {
                /* now wait for app to exit */

                (void) cwait(&term_status, (int) proc_handle, 0);
            TRACE(("...CreateProcess finished waiting in tmp_npclose\n"));
                (void) CloseHandle(proc_handle);
                proc_handle = BAD_PROC_HANDLE;
            }

            /*
             * When closing descriptors shared between parent and child,
             * order is quite important when $shell == command.com .  In
             * this situation, the descriptors can't be closed until the
             * exec'd process exits.
             */
            (void) close(stdout_fd);
            stdout_fd = BAD_FD;
        }
        pressreturn();  /* cough */
        sgarbf = TRUE;
    }
    tmp_cleanup();
}

Generated by  Doxygen 1.6.0   Back to index