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w32misc.c

/*
 * w32misc:  collection of unrelated, common win32 functions used by both
 *           the console and GUI flavors of the editor.
 *
 * $Header: /usr/build/vile/vile/RCS/w32misc.c,v 1.41 2003/03/11 19:53:02 tom Exp $
 */

#include "estruct.h"
#include "edef.h"
#include "nefunc.h"

#include <io.h>
#include <conio.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <process.h>

#define CSHEXE           "csh.exe"
#define CSHEXE_LEN       (sizeof(CSHEXE) - 1)
#define HOST_95          0
#define HOST_NT          1
#define HOST_UNDEF       (-1)
#define SHEXE            "sh.exe"
#define SHEXE_LEN        (sizeof(SHEXE) - 1)
#define SHELL_C_LEN      (sizeof(" -c ") - 1)

static int   host_type = HOST_UNDEF; /* nt or 95? */
#if !DISP_NTWIN
static char  saved_title[256];
#endif

/* ------------------------------------------------------------------ */

#if DISP_NTWIN
int
stdin_data_available(void)
{
    FILE *fp;
    int  rc = 0;

    if ((fp = fdopen(dup(fileno(stdin)), "r")) != NULL)
    {
        fclose(fp);
        rc = 1;
    }
    return (rc);
}

#define MAX_SIGS 6

typedef void (*SIGFUNC_TYPE)(int);

static SIGFUNC_TYPE saved_sigs[MAX_SIGS];

static void
ignore_signals(void)
{
    saved_sigs[0] = signal(SIGILL, SIG_IGN);
    saved_sigs[1] = signal(SIGFPE, SIG_IGN);
    saved_sigs[2] = signal(SIGSEGV, SIG_IGN);
    saved_sigs[3] = signal(SIGTERM, SIG_IGN);
    saved_sigs[4] = signal(SIGBREAK, SIG_IGN);
    saved_sigs[5] = signal(SIGABRT, SIG_IGN);
}

static void
restore_signals(void)
{
    (void) signal(SIGILL, saved_sigs[0]);
    (void) signal(SIGFPE, saved_sigs[1]);
    (void) signal(SIGSEGV, saved_sigs[2]);
    (void) signal(SIGTERM, saved_sigs[3]);
    (void) signal(SIGBREAK, saved_sigs[4]);
    (void) signal(SIGABRT, saved_sigs[5]);
}

#endif


static void
set_host(void)
{
    OSVERSIONINFO info;

    info.dwOSVersionInfoSize = sizeof(info);
    GetVersionEx(&info);
    host_type = (info.dwPlatformId == VER_PLATFORM_WIN32_NT) ?
                HOST_NT : HOST_95;
}



int
is_winnt(void)
{
    if (host_type == HOST_UNDEF)
        set_host();
    return (host_type == HOST_NT);
}



int
is_win95(void)
{
    if (host_type == HOST_UNDEF)
        set_host();
    return (host_type == HOST_95);
}



/*
 * FUNCTION
 *   mk_shell_cmd_str(char *cmd, int *allocd_mem, int prepend_shc)
 *
 *   cmd         - command string to be be passed to a Win32 command
 *                 interpreter.
 *
 *   alloced_mem - Boolean, T -> returned string was allocated on heap.
 *
 *   prepend_shc - Boolean, T -> prepend "$SHELL -c" to cmd.
 *
 * DESCRIPTION
 *   If the user's shell is a unix lookalike, then a command passed to
 *   system() or CreateProcess() requires special preprocessing.
 *   This extra processing is required because the aforementioned
 *   functions pass a "raw", flat command line to the shell that is
 *   _not_ broken up into the following four canonical argv components:
 *
 *     argv[0] = name of shell
 *     argv[1] = name of shell
 *     argv[2] = -c
 *     argv[3] = cmd
 *     argv[4] = NULL
 *
 *   Put another way, a true execlp() does not exist in the win32 world and,
 *   therefore, cannnot be called to effect sh -c "cmdstr".  Consequently,
 *   when a unix shell (executing under win32) receives a "raw" command line,
 *   the shell splits the raw command into words, performs its normal
 *   expansions (file globbing, variable substitution, etc.) and then
 *   removes all quote characters.  After that, the shell executes the
 *   command.  This scenario means that if the user tries the following
 *   command in vile:
 *
 *       :!echo 'word1    word2'
 *
 *   It is passed to the shell as:
 *
 *        sh -c echo 'word1    word2'
 *
 *   and is displayed by the shell as:
 *
 *        word1 word2
 *
 *   That's not a big deal, but consider this vile idiom:
 *
 *        ^X-!egrep -n 'word1 word2' *.c
 *
 *   Egrep receives the following command line from the shell:
 *
 *        egrep -n word1 word2 <glob'd file list>
 *
 *   Oops.  Word2 of the regular expression is now a filename.
 *
 * SOLUTIONS
 *   1) If user's shell is a unix lookalike and the command contains no
 *      single quote delimiters, enclose the entire command in single
 *      quotes.  This forces the shell to treat the command string
 *      as a single argument _before_ word splitting, expansions, and
 *      quote removal.  Otherwise,
 *
 *   2) If user's shell is a unix lookalike, enclose the command string in
 *      double quotes and escape every nonquoted double quote within the
 *      original string.  This is the same principle as 1) above, but uses
 *      a nestable delimiter.  This solution isn't foolproof.  Consider:
 *
 *          ^X-!echo '[#@$*]' \"special\" word
 *
 *      will be read into the error buffer as:
 *
 *          [#@$*] special word
 *
 *      This could be worked around by preceding a leading \" token with '
 *      and appending ' to its closing delimiter.  But that creates its
 *      own set of side effects.
 *
 * CAVEATS
 *   The workarounds are inappropriate for csh (variants) which don't
 *   support nested quotes.
 *
 * RETURNS
 *   Pointer to possibly modified string.  If modified, the command string
 *   was created on the heap and must be free'd by the client.  If
 *   storage can't be allocated, NULL is returned.
 */

char *
mk_shell_cmd_str(char *cmd, int *allocd_mem, int prepend_shc)
{
    int         alloc_len,
                bourne_shell,     /* Boolean, T if user's shell has
                                   * appearances of a Unix lookalike
                                   * bourne shell (e.g., sh, ksh, bash).
                                   */
                len;
    char        *out_str, *cp, *shell, *shell_c = "/c";

    shell        = get_shell();
    len          = strlen(shell);
    bourne_shell = (len >= 2 &&
                    toLower(shell[len - 2]) == 's' &&
                    toLower(shell[len - 1]) == 'h')
                           ||
                   (len >= SHEXE_LEN &&
                    stricmp(shell + len - SHEXE_LEN, SHEXE) == 0);
    if (bourne_shell)
    {
        shell_c = "-c";

        /* Now check for csh lookalike. */
        bourne_shell = ! (
                           (len >= 3 &&
                           toLower(shell[len - 3]) == 'c')
                                    ||
                           (len >= CSHEXE_LEN &&
                            stricmp(shell + len - CSHEXE_LEN, CSHEXE) == 0)
                         );
    }
    if (! bourne_shell)
    {
        /*
         * MS-DOS shell or csh.  Do not bother quoting user's command
         * string, since the former is oblivious to the notion of a unix
         * shell's argument quoting and the latter does not support nested
         * double quotes.
         */

        if (prepend_shc)
        {
            alloc_len = strlen(cmd) + strlen(shell) + SHELL_C_LEN + 1;
            if ((out_str = malloc(alloc_len)) == NULL)
                return (out_str);
            *allocd_mem = TRUE;
            sprintf(out_str, "%s %s %s", shell, shell_c, cmd);
            return (out_str);
        }
        else
        {
            *allocd_mem = FALSE;
            return (cmd);
        }
    }

    /* Else apply solutions 1-2 above. */
    alloc_len = strlen(cmd) * 2; /* worst case -- every cmd byte quoted */
    if (prepend_shc)
        alloc_len += strlen(shell) + SHELL_C_LEN;
    alloc_len += 3;              /* terminating nul + 2 quote chars     */
    if ((out_str = malloc(alloc_len)) == NULL)
    {
        errno = ENOMEM;
        return (out_str);
    }
    *allocd_mem = TRUE;

    cp = out_str;
    if (prepend_shc)
        cp += sprintf(cp, "%s %s ", shell, shell_c);
    if (strchr(cmd, '\'') == NULL)
    {
        /* No single quotes in command string.  Solution #1. */

        sprintf(cp, "'%s'", cmd);
        return (out_str);
    }

    /* Solution #2. */
    *cp++ = '"';
    while (*cmd)
    {
        if (*cmd == '\\')
        {
            *cp++ = *cmd++;
            if (*cmd)
            {
                /* Any quoted char is immune to further quoting. */

                *cp++ = *cmd++;
            }
        }
        else if (*cmd != '"')
            *cp++ = *cmd++;
        else
        {
            /* bare '"' */

            *cp++ = '\\';
            *cp++ = *cmd++;
        }
    }
    *cp++ = '"';
    *cp   = '\0';
    return (out_str);
}



/*
 * Semi-generic CreateProcess(). Refer to the w32_system()
 * DESCRIPTION below for the rationale behind "no_wait" argument.
 */
int
w32_CreateProcess(char *cmd, int no_wait)
{
    PROCESS_INFORMATION  pi;
    int                  rc = -1;
    STARTUPINFO          si;

    memset(&si, 0, sizeof(si));
    si.cb = sizeof(si);
    if (! no_wait)
    {
        /* command requires a shell, so hookup console I/O */

        si.dwFlags    = STARTF_USESTDHANDLES;
        si.hStdInput  = GetStdHandle(STD_INPUT_HANDLE);
        si.hStdOutput = GetStdHandle(STD_OUTPUT_HANDLE);
        si.hStdError  = GetStdHandle(STD_ERROR_HANDLE);
    }
    if (CreateProcess(NULL,
                      cmd,
                      NULL,
                      NULL,
                      ! no_wait,       /* Inherit handles */
                      0,
                      NULL,
                      NULL,
                      &si,
                      &pi))
    {
        /* Success */
        if (! no_wait)
        {
            /* wait for shell process to exit */

            (void) cwait(&rc, (int) pi.hProcess, 0);
        }
        (void) CloseHandle(pi.hProcess);
        (void) CloseHandle(pi.hThread);
    }
    else
    {
        /* Bummer */

        mlforce("[unable to create win32 process]");
    }
    return (rc);
}



/*
 * FUNCTION
 *   w32_system(const char *cmd)
 *
 *   cmd - command string to be be passed to a Win32 command interpreter.
 *
 * DESCRIPTION
 *   Executes our version of the system() call, taking care to ensure that
 *   the user's command string is properly quoted if get_shell() points to a
 *   bourne shell clone.  We use our version of system() rather than the
 *   vendor's so that vile's users may redefine their shell via the editor's
 *   $shell state variable.  If we didn't add this additional layer of
 *   indirection, users would be at the mercy of whatever env var the C
 *   compiler's runtime library chose to reference from within system()--in
 *   the case of the MS CRT, that would be $COMSPEC.
 *
 *   As an additional feature, "cmd" may be executed without running
 *   as a shell subprocess if the the first token of the command string
 *   is "start " (useful for launching windows apps that don't need a shell).
 *
 * RETURNS
 *   If memory allocation fails, -1.
 *   Else, whatever system() returns.
 */

int
w32_system(const char *cmd)
{
    char *cmdstr;
    int  no_shell, freestr, rc;

    TRACE(("w32_system(%s)\n", cmd));

    no_shell = W32_SKIP_SHELL(cmd);
    if (no_shell)
    {
        /*
         * Must strip off "start " prefix from command because this
         * idiom is supported by Win95, but not by WinNT.
         */

        if ((cmdstr = malloc(strlen(cmd) + 1)) == NULL)
        {
            (void) no_memory("w32_system");
            return (-1);
        }
        strcpy(cmdstr, cmd + W32_START_STR_LEN);
        freestr = TRUE;
    }
    else
    {
        if ((cmdstr = mk_shell_cmd_str((char *) cmd, &freestr, TRUE)) == NULL)
        {
            /* heap exhausted! */

            (void) no_memory("w32_system");
            return (-1);
        }
    }
    set_console_title(cmd);
    rc = w32_CreateProcess(cmdstr, no_shell);
    if (freestr)
        free(cmdstr);
    restore_console_title();
    return (rc);
}



#if DISP_NTWIN

static int
get_console_handles(STARTUPINFO *psi, SECURITY_ATTRIBUTES *psa)
{
    CONSOLE_CURSOR_INFO cci;

    psi->hStdOutput = GetStdHandle(STD_OUTPUT_HANDLE);
    psi->dwFlags    = STARTF_USESTDHANDLES;

    /* If it's possible to fetch data via hStdOutput, assume all is well. */
    if (GetConsoleCursorInfo(psi->hStdOutput, &cci))
    {
        psi->hStdInput = GetStdHandle(STD_INPUT_HANDLE);
        psi->hStdError = GetStdHandle(STD_ERROR_HANDLE);
        return (TRUE);
    }

    /*
     * Else assume that winvile was started from a shell and that stdout
     * and stdin (and maybe stderr) have been redirected to handles that
     * can't be accessed by the parent process.  This is known to occur
     * with the CYGWIN shell(s) on a WinNT host.  In this case, workaround
     * these issues:
     *
     * Numero Uno:  the stdin and stdout handles returned by GetStdHandle()
     *              are worthless.  Workaround:  get the real handles by
     *              opening CONIN$ and CONOUT$.  We don't look for a stderr
     *              handle because I couldn't find any mention of CONERR$
     *              in MSDN.  Additionally, the CYGWIN shells will create
     *              stderr if it doesn't exist.
     *
     * Numero Dos:  a dynamically created console in the context of a CYGWIN
     *              shell sets its foreground and background colors to the
     *              same value (usually black).  Not so easy to read the
     *              text :-( . Workaround: force contrasting colors (white
     *              text on black bgrnd).  Someday we ought to let the users
     *              choose the colors via a win32-specific mode.
     *
     * And it should be noted that the above techniques do not work on
     * a Win2K host using the latest version of bash.  Sigh.  So, if you
     * use bash as your shell, invoke winvile from the command line
     * and type:
     *
     *    :sh
     *
     * or
     *
     *    :!bash
     *
     * the spawned bash shell will hang.  No known workaround.  Does not
     * occur if winvile is launched by windows explorer.
     */
    if ((psi->hStdInput = CreateFile("CONIN$",
                                     GENERIC_READ,
                                     FILE_SHARE_READ,
                                     psa,
                                     OPEN_EXISTING,
                                     FILE_ATTRIBUTE_NORMAL,
                                     NULL)) == INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE)
    {
        mlforce("[std input handle creation failed]");
        return (FALSE);
    }
    if ((psi->hStdOutput = CreateFile("CONOUT$",
                                      GENERIC_WRITE,
                                      FILE_SHARE_WRITE,
                                      psa,
                                      OPEN_EXISTING,
                                      FILE_ATTRIBUTE_NORMAL,
                                      NULL)) == INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE)
    {
        mlforce("[std output handle creation failed]");
        return (FALSE);
    }
    psi->dwFlags         |= STARTF_USEFILLATTRIBUTE;
    psi->dwFillAttribute  = FOREGROUND_RED|FOREGROUND_GREEN|FOREGROUND_BLUE;
    return (TRUE);
}



/*
 * FUNCTION
 *   w32_system_winvile(const char *cmd, int *pressret)
 *
 *   cmd       - command string to be be passed to a Win32 command interpreter.
 *
 *   *pressret - Boolean, T -> display prompt and wait for response.  Value
 *               usually read-only, but will be set if the user's command
 *               is prefixed with W32_START_STR
 *
 * DESCRIPTION
 *   Executes a system() call in the context of a Win32 GUI application,
 *   taking care to ensure that the user's command string is properly
 *   quoted if get_shell() points to a bourne shell clone.
 *
 *   "In the context of a Win32 GUI application" means that:
 *
 *   a) the GUI requires explicit console allocation prior to exec'ing
 *      "cmd", and
 *   b) said console stays "up" until explicitly dismissed by the user if
 *      "*pressret" is TRUE.
 *
 * ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
 *   I had no idea a Win32 GUI app could exec a console command until I
 *   browsed the win32 gvim code.
 *
 * RETURNS
 *   If memory/console allocation fails, -1.
 *   Else whatever the executed command returns.
 */

int
w32_system_winvile(const char *cmd, int *pressret)
{
#define PRESS_ANY_KEY "\n[Press any key to continue]"

    char                 *cmdstr;
    HWND                 hwnd;
    int                  no_shell, freestr, close_disabled = FALSE, rc = -1;
    PROCESS_INFORMATION  pi;
    SECURITY_ATTRIBUTES  sa;
    STARTUPINFO          si;

    memset(&si, 0, sizeof(si));
    si.cb    = sizeof(si);
    no_shell = W32_SKIP_SHELL(cmd);
    memset(&sa, 0, sizeof(sa));
    sa.nLength = sizeof(sa);
    if (no_shell)
    {
        /*
         * Must strip off "start " prefix from command because this
         * idiom is supported by Win95, but not by WinNT.
         */

        if ((cmdstr = malloc(strlen(cmd) + 1)) == NULL)
        {
            (void) no_memory("w32_system_winvile");
            return (-1);
        }
        strcpy(cmdstr, cmd + W32_START_STR_LEN);
        freestr   = TRUE;
        *pressret = FALSE;  /* Not waiting for the launched cmd to exit. */
    }
    else
    {
        sa.bInheritHandle = TRUE;
        if ((cmdstr = mk_shell_cmd_str((char *) cmd, &freestr, TRUE)) == NULL)
        {
            /* heap exhausted! */

            (void) no_memory("w32_system_winvile");
            return (rc);
        }
        if (! AllocConsole())
        {
            if (freestr)
                free(cmdstr);
            mlforce("[console creation failed]");
            return (rc);
        }
        if (! get_console_handles(&si, &sa))
        {
            (void) FreeConsole();
            if (freestr)
                free(cmdstr);
            return (rc);
        }
        SetConsoleTitle(cmd);

        /* don't let signal in dynamic console kill winvile */
        ignore_signals();

        /*
         * If the spawned console's close button is pressed, both the
         * console _and_ winvile are killed.  Not good.  Try to disable
         * console close button before shell process is started, while the
         * console title is still intact.  Once the shell starts running,
         * it is free to change the console's title, and many will do so
         * (e.g., bash).
         */
        Sleep(0);     /* yield processor so GDI can create console frame */
        if ((hwnd = FindWindow(NULL, cmd)) != NULL)
        {
            /*
             * Disable console close button using code borrowed from
             * Charles Petzold.
             */

            (void) EnableMenuItem(GetSystemMenu(hwnd, FALSE),
                                  SC_CLOSE,
                                  MF_GRAYED);
            close_disabled = TRUE;

            /*
             * On a Win2K host, the console is often created as a
             * background window, which means that the user must press
             * ALT+TAB to bring it to the foreground to interact with the
             * shell.  Ugh.  This call to SetForegroundWindow() should
             * work, even on 2K / 98.
             */
            (void) SetForegroundWindow(hwnd);
        }
    }
    if (CreateProcess(NULL,
                      cmdstr,
                      &sa,
                      &sa,
                      ! no_shell,       /* Inherit handles */
                      0,
                      NULL,
                      NULL,
                      &si,
                      &pi))
    {
        /* Success */

        DWORD        dummy;
        INPUT_RECORD ir;

        if (! close_disabled)
        {
            int i;

            /*
             * If the spawned console's close button is pressed, both the
             * console _and_ winvile are killed.  Not good.
             */
            for (i = 0; i < 5; i++)
            {
                if ((hwnd = FindWindow(NULL, cmd)) != NULL)
                {
                    (void) EnableMenuItem(GetSystemMenu(hwnd, FALSE),
                                          SC_CLOSE,
                                          MF_GRAYED);
                    (void) SetForegroundWindow(hwnd);
                    break;
                }
                Sleep(200);
            }
        }
        if (! no_shell)
        {
            (void) cwait(&rc, (int) pi.hProcess, 0);
            restore_signals();
            if (*pressret)
            {
                if (! WriteFile(si.hStdOutput,
                                PRESS_ANY_KEY,
                                sizeof(PRESS_ANY_KEY) - 1,
                                &dummy,
                                NULL))
                {
                    mlforce("[dynamic console write failed]");
                    rc = -1;
                }
                else
                {
                    for_ever
                    {
                        /* Wait for a single key of input from user. */

                        if (! ReadConsoleInput(si.hStdInput, &ir, 1, &dummy))
                        {
                            mlforce("[dynamic console read failed]");
                            rc = -1;
                            break;
                        }
                        if (ir.EventType == KEY_EVENT &&
                                                    ir.Event.KeyEvent.bKeyDown)
                        {
                            break;
                        }
                    }
                }
            }
        }
        else
        {
            rc = 0;
        }
        (void) CloseHandle(pi.hProcess);
        (void) CloseHandle(pi.hThread);
    }
    else
    {
        /* Bummer */

        mlforce("[unable to create Win32 process]");
    }
    if (freestr)
        free(cmdstr);
    if (! no_shell)
        FreeConsole();
    return (rc);
}
#endif /* DISP_NTWIN */



/*
 * FUNCTION
 *   w32_keybrd_reopen(int pressret)
 *
 *   pressret - Boolean, T -> display prompt and wait for response
 *
 * DESCRIPTION
 *   This is essentially the Win32 equivalent of the pressreturn() function
 *   in spawn.c, but differs in that it reopens the console keyboard _after_
 *   prompting the user to press return.  Order is important IF the user has
 *   configured his/her dos box such that the buffer size exceeds the
 *   window size.  In that scenario, if the ntconio.c routines gained
 *   control (via term.kopen) before the prompt, then the output of the
 *   previous shell command (e.g., :!dir) is immediately thrown away
 *   due to a screen context switch and the user has no chance to read the
 *   shell output.
 *
 *   This function prevents that scenario from occurring.
 *
 * APPLIES TO
 *   W32 console vile only.
 *
 * RETURNS
 *   None
 */

void
w32_keybrd_reopen(int pressret)
{
#if DISP_NTCONS
    int c;

    if (pressret)
    {
        fputs("[Press return to continue]", stdout);
        fflush(stdout);

        /* loop for a CR, a space, or a : to do another named command */
        while ((c = _getch()) != '\r' &&
                c != '\n' &&
                c != ' ' &&
                !ABORTED(c))
        {
            if (DefaultKeyBinding(c) == &f_namedcmd)
            {
                unkeystroke(c);
                break;
            }
        }
        fputc('\n', stdout);
    }
    term.kopen();
    kbd_erase_to_end(0);
#endif
}



/*
 * The code in ntconio.c that saves and restores console titles
 * didn't work reliably for pipe or shell operations.  It's moved here
 * now and called via the w32_system() wrapper or the w32pipe module.
 */
void
set_console_title(const char *title)
{
#if !DISP_NTWIN
    GetConsoleTitle(saved_title, sizeof(saved_title));
    SetConsoleTitle(title);
#endif
}



void
restore_console_title(void)
{
#if !DISP_NTWIN
    SetConsoleTitle(saved_title);
#endif
}



/*
 * FUNCTION
 *   fmt_win32_error(ULONG errcode, char **buf, ULONG buflen)
 *
 *   errcode - win32 error code for which message applies.  If errcode is
 *             W32_SYS_ERROR, GetLastError() will be invoked to obtain the
 *             error code.
 *
 *   buf     - indirect pointer to buf to receive formatted message.  If *buf
 *             is NULL, the buffer is allocated on behalf of the client and
 *             must be free'd using LocalFree().
 *
 *   buflen  - length of buffer (specify 0 if *buf is NULL).
 *
 * DESCRIPTION
 *   Format system error reported by Win32 API.
 *
 * RETURNS
 *   *buf
 */

char *
fmt_win32_error(ULONG errcode, char **buf, ULONG buflen)
{
    int flags = FORMAT_MESSAGE_FROM_SYSTEM;

    if (! *buf)
        flags |= FORMAT_MESSAGE_ALLOCATE_BUFFER;
    FormatMessage(flags,
                  NULL,
                  errcode == W32_SYS_ERROR ? GetLastError() : errcode,
                  MAKELANGID(LANG_NEUTRAL, SUBLANG_DEFAULT), /* dflt language */
                  (*buf) ? *buf : (LPTSTR) buf,
                  buflen,
                  NULL);
    return (*buf);
}



/*
 * FUNCTION
 *   disp_win32_error(ULONG errcode, void *hwnd)
 *
 *   errcode - win32 error code for which message applies.  If errcode is
 *             W32_SYS_ERROR, GetLastError() will be invoked to obtain the
 *             error code.
 *
 *   hwnd    - specifies the window handle argument to MessageBox (can be NULL).
 *
 * DESCRIPTION
 *   Format system error reported by Win32 API and display in message box.
 *
 * RETURNS
 *   None
 */

void
disp_win32_error(ULONG errcode, void *hwnd)
{
    char *buf = NULL;

    fmt_win32_error(errcode, &buf, 0);
    MessageBox(hwnd, buf, prognam, MB_OK|MB_ICONSTOP);
    LocalFree(buf);
}



#if DISP_NTWIN
/*
 * FUNCTION
 *   parse_font_str(const char *fontstr, FONTSTR_OPTIONS *results)
 *
 *   fontstr - a font specification string, see DESCRIPTION below.
 *
 *   results - Pointer to structure that returns data from a successfully
 *             parsed font string.
 *
 * DESCRIPTION
 *   Turns a font specification string into a LOGFONT data structure.
 *   Specification syntax is as follows:
 *
 *     <font>  :== [<face>,]<size>[,<style>]
 *
 *     <face>  :== font-name
 *     <size>  :== point size (integer)
 *     <style> :== { bold | italic | bold-italic }
 *
 *     ex:    Letter Gothic,8
 *     ex:    r_ansi,8,bold
 *
 *     Note 1:  If <style> unspecified, "normal" is assumed.
 *     Note 2:  if <face> contains a comma it should be escaped with '\'.
 *     Note 3:  if <face> is omitted, the current font is modified.
 *
 * RETURNS
 *   Boolean, T -> font syntax ok, else bogus syntax
 */

int
parse_font_str(const char *fontstr, FONTSTR_OPTIONS *results)
{
    const char    *cp, *tmp;
    char          *endnum, *facep;
    ULONG          size;

    memset(results, 0, sizeof(*results));
    size  = 0;
    cp    = skip_cblanks(fontstr);

    /* Up first is either a font face or font size. */
    if (isDigit(*cp))
    {
        errno = 0;
        size  = strtoul(cp, &endnum, 10);
        if (errno != 0)
            return (FALSE);
        tmp = skip_cblanks(endnum);
        if (*tmp != '\0')
        {
            if (*tmp != ',')
            {
                /* Not a 100% integer value, assume this is a font face. */

                size = 0;
            }
            else
                cp = tmp;      /* Valid point size. */
        }
        else
            cp = tmp;         /* Only a point size specified, nothing left. */
    }
    if (size == 0)
    {
        /* this must be a font face */

        facep = results->face;
        while (*cp)
        {
            if (*cp == ',')
            {
                cp++;
                break;
            }
            else if (*cp == '\\' && cp[1] == ',')
            {
                *facep++  = ',';
                cp       += 2;
            }
            else
                *facep++ = *cp++;
        }
        *facep = '\0';
        if (results->face[0] == '\0' || *cp == '\0')
            return (FALSE);
        else
        {
            /* Now pick up non-optional font size (that follows face). */

            errno = 0;
            size  = strtoul(cp, &endnum, 10);
            if (errno != 0 || size == 0)
                return (FALSE);
            cp = endnum;
        }
    }

    /* Now look for optional font style. */
    cp = skip_cblanks(cp);

    /* At this point, there are two allowable states:  delimiter or EOS. */
    if (*cp)
    {
        if (*cp++ == ',')
        {
            cp = skip_cblanks(cp);
            if (strncmp(cp, "bold-italic", sizeof("bold-italic") - 1) == 0)
                results->bold = results->italic = TRUE;
            else if (strncmp(cp, "italic", sizeof("italic") - 1) == 0)
                results->italic = TRUE;
            else if (strncmp(cp, "bold", sizeof("bold") - 1) == 0)
                results->bold = TRUE;
            else
                return (FALSE);
        }
        else
            return (FALSE);
    }
    results->size = size;
    return (TRUE);
}
#endif  /* DISP_NTWIN */

/* return current window title in dynamic buffer */
char *
w32_wdw_title(void)
{
    static char   *buf;
    static size_t bufsize;
    int           nchars;

    if (! buf)
    {
        bufsize = 128;
        buf     = castalloc(char, bufsize);
        if (! buf)
            return (error_val);
    }
    for_ever
    {
#if DISP_NTWIN
        nchars = GetWindowText(winvile_hwnd(), buf, bufsize);
#else
        nchars = GetConsoleTitle(buf, bufsize);
#endif
        if (nchars >= ((int) bufsize - 1))
        {
            /* Enlarge buffer and try again. */

            bufsize *= 2;
            buf      = castalloc(char, bufsize);
            if (! buf)
                return (error_val);
        }
        else
            break;
    }
    return ((nchars) ? buf : error_val);
}



/*
 * Delete current text selection and optionally copy same to Windows
 * clipboard.
 */
int
w32_del_selection(int copy_to_cbrd)
{
    AREGION     delrp;
    MARK        savedot;
    REGIONSHAPE shape;
    int         status;

    /* first, go to beginning of selection, if it exists. */
    if (! sel_motion(FALSE, FALSE))
        return (FALSE);

    if (! sel_yank(0))      /* copy selection to unnamed register */
        return (FALSE);

    if (! get_selection_buffer_and_region(&delrp))
    {
        /* no selected region.  hmmm -- should not happen */

        return (FALSE);
    }
    shape   = delrp.ar_shape;
    savedot = DOT;

    /*
     * Region to delete is now accessible via delrp.  Mimic the code
     * executed by operdel().  The actual code executed depends upon
     * whether or not the region is rectangular.
     */
    if (shape == RECTANGLE)
    {
        DORGNLINES dorgn;
        int        save;

        save        = FALSE;
        dorgn       = get_do_lines_rgn();
        DOT         = delrp.ar_region.r_orig;

        /* setup dorgn() aka do_lines_in_region() */
        haveregion  = &delrp.ar_region;
        regionshape = shape;
        status      = dorgn(kill_line, &save, FALSE);
        haveregion  = NULL;
    }
    else
    {
        lines_deleted = 0;
        DOT           = delrp.ar_region.r_orig;
        status        = ldelete(delrp.ar_region.r_size, FALSE);
#if OPT_SELECTIONS
        find_release_attr(curbp, &delrp.ar_region);
#endif
    }
    restore_dot(savedot);
    if (status)
    {
        if (copy_to_cbrd)
        {
            /*
             * cbrdcpy_unnamed() reports number of lines copied, which is
             * same as number of lines deleted.
             */

            status = cbrdcpy_unnamed(FALSE, FALSE);
        }
        else
        {
            /* No data copied to clipboard, report number of lines deleted. */

            status = TRUE;
            if (shape == RECTANGLE)
            {
                if (do_report(klines + (kchars != 0)))
                {
                    mlwrite("[%d line%s, %d character%s killed]",
                            klines,
                            PLURAL(klines),
                            kchars,
                            PLURAL(kchars));
                }
            }
            else
            {
                if (do_report(lines_deleted))
                    mlwrite("[%d lines deleted]", lines_deleted);
            }
        }
    }
    return (status);
}



/* slam a string into the editor's input buffer */
int
w32_keybrd_write(char *data)
{
#if DISP_NTCONS
    HANDLE        hstdin;
    INPUT_RECORD  ir;
    DWORD         unused;
#else
    HANDLE        hwvile;
#endif
    int           rc;

    rc = TRUE;
#if DISP_NTCONS
    hstdin = GetStdHandle(STD_INPUT_HANDLE);
    memset(&ir, 0, sizeof(ir));
    ir.EventType               = KEY_EVENT;
    ir.Event.KeyEvent.bKeyDown = TRUE;
#else
    hwvile = winvile_hwnd();
#endif
    while (*data && rc)
    {
#if DISP_NTCONS
        ir.Event.KeyEvent.uChar.AsciiChar = *data;
        rc = WriteConsoleInput(hstdin, &ir, 1, &unused);
#else
        rc = PostMessage(hwvile, WM_CHAR, *data, 0);
#endif
        data++;
    }
    return (rc);
}



#if DISP_NTWIN

/* Center a child window (usually a dialog box) over a parent. */
void
w32_center_window(HWND child_hwnd, HWND parent_hwnd)
{
    int  w, h;
    RECT crect,                 /* child rect */
         prect;                 /* parent rect */

    GetWindowRect(parent_hwnd, &prect);
    GetWindowRect(child_hwnd, &crect);
    w = crect.right - crect.left;
    h = crect.bottom - crect.top;
    MoveWindow(child_hwnd,
               prect.left + ((prect.right - prect.left) / 2 - w / 2),
               prect.top + ((prect.bottom - prect.top) / 2 - h / 2),
               w,
               h,
               TRUE);
}
#endif

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